Shoes are designed to support and protect the feet from injury and discomfort. Whether you are working all day on your feet, exercising or just walking around, wearing the right shoes is important for your health and comfort.
While there are many different styles of shoes, most share a similar basic structure with two parts: the lower and the upper. The lower includes the sole (which is our direct contact with the ground) and the innersole. The innersole is a layer that provides cushioning and helps attach the upper to the lower. It can also help control the shape of the shoe. The upper is the remainder of the shoe above the innersole and includes laces and a tongue which covers the top of the foot. It may also include a shank, which supports the heel area and prevents it from collapsing. Other parts of the upper can vary by style, but all shoes have a welt which is the edge of the shoe that runs along the outside.
Most of the upper is made of leather or a fabric like cotton or wool. This is because these materials allow the feet to breathe. They also provide a comfortable fit for the feet. Synthetic fabrics are also used, but they can be uncomfortable in warmer weather and don’t breathe as well.
Always try on shoes before you buy them. If they feel tight or squeeze your toes or cause friction and blisters, don’t wear them. Shoes should feel comfortable from the moment you put them on.