In the skin care world, there are many treatments that can help fade dark spots or hyperpigmentation. However, not all are effective on all skin types and tone. Dark skin, for example, is more prone to hyperpigmentation than other skin tones because of differences in how the cells that make pigment produce it. This means it takes longer to fade darker spots with a variety of treatments, and it may require more aggressive treatment than other skin tones.
One of the first things to consider for any hyperpigmentation treatment is the underlying cause. This can be a variety of things like inflammatory skin conditions, such as acne and eczema. In these cases, the body produces excess melanin to protect the skin and these hyperpigmentations can take months or years to fade once the underlying condition has healed. Another common trigger is sun exposure, especially when it is combined with a sunscreen that does not contain a broad spectrum. In some cases, medications can also be a factor as well as certain systemic diseases like Addison’s disease and hemochromatosis.
The good news is that there are a few different over the counter options for treating hyperpigmentation in people of color. There are lightening creams that have a combination of ingredients that lighten the skin, such as glabridin from licorice extract, lemon extract, N-acetylglucosamine, arbutin, hydroquinone and more. There are also medium-depth chemical peels that work to lighten the skin, such as the VI Peel. This peel contains a low concentration of 15% TCA (trichloroacetic acid), which is gentle enough to treat hyperpigmentation and dark spots without causing an inflammatory reaction in the skin. hyperpigmentation treatment