When it comes to charging an electric vehicle, there are many factors that influence how long it will take. The most obvious is the power output of the charging station – the more kW a station has, the faster your new car will charge (assuming that your battery can handle it). However, the type of charger you’re using at home and how full your battery is when you begin charging also play a role in charging speed.

The international standard IEC 61851-1, which outlines different types of EV chargers, defines four charging modes that offer a broad framework for understanding the options available to EV owners. In mode 1, you’ll use a portable EVSE that connects to your home 240V outlet, with the cable and socket adapter supplied by your car manufacturer. This is the slowest way to charge an EV, taking up to 40-60 hours to fill your battery.

The next level of EV charging involves dedicated stations equipped with a Type 2 (Mennekes) connector, which is the most commonly used public charging system in the US. This type of charging is much more efficient and versatile, as it allows EVs to charge both at home and on the go, with fast DC charging along highways. Additionally, it allows for bidirectional power flow between the grid and your EV battery, which can provide back up generation during peak demand periods. This technology is known as vehicle-to-grid (V2G). EV Charging Modes

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